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Description

The mausoleum was built over the grave of Arystanbab, a teacher and mentor of the Muslim religion propagator among the inhabitants of Turkestan Khodja Ahmet Yassaui. The mausoleum consists of separate rooms, such as a corridor, a mosque, a library, a minaret, called a tower. The oldest part of the mausoleum is the grave. The first sign on the grave was made around the XII century. According to the Frisian inscriptions in 1909 the building was completely renovated. At the moment, this mausoleum is considered one of the sacred places of Muslim pilgrimage in Central Asia and is located a short distance from the ancient city of Otyrar in the Turkestan region, according to legend, Arystanbab was the ambassador of the Prophet Mohammed.

Reconstruction of the mausoleum took place repeatedly, for the first time in the XIV-XV centuries. In 1971, it was in an emergency condition caused by groundwater, therefore it was destroyed and rebuilt.

Now the mausoleum includes two parts: the mosque and the tomb, they were united by a corridor of vaulted structure. Inside the mausoleum there is a large tombstone of ArystanBab, as well as the tombstones of his supporters and students: Lashyn-Bab, Hermet-Azyr, Karga-Bab.

The distinctive element of the construction of the mausoleum can be attributed - the portal, made in a completely different building form for the region based on the decorative elements taken from the architecture of Russia and Europe of the XIX century. The main facade of the building is reinforced with two minarets and decorated with sculptural brickwork.

Inside the mausoleum you can see the Koran - a great example of middle-century calligraphy. In addition, a pair of carved wooden columns has been preserved in the mausoleum.

According to a well-known legend, by order of the Great Temir, the construction of a mosque began over the burial grave of the world-famous Sufist and distributor of the Islamic religion Ahmed Yassavi, but all the possibilities of building walls ended in failure. Then Amir Temir in a dream appeared Khoja Ahmed Yassavi and predicted that without building a mausoleum over the burial tomb of his mentor - Arystan-Bab, he could not built the construction of a mosque.

Amir Temir complied with the instructions of the saint: on his instructions, the construction of the mausoleum of St. Arystan-Bab began, and only after that the mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasavi. Therefore, pilgrims first of all visit the mausoleum of teacher and mentor Ahmed Yassavi - Arystan-Bab, and then the mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yassavi himself. Since 1982, the mausoleum of Arystan Baba has been under state protection.

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